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The yield of routine histopathology in fistula-in-ano

Authors:

Umesh Jayarajah ,

Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, LK
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Isuru Sampath Almeida,

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, LK
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Dharmabandhu Nandadeva Samarasekera

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, LK
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Abstract

Introduction: Fistulae-in-ano with a specific aetiology such as TB and Crohn’s are usually complex and challenging to treat. This study was aimed to determine the yield of routine histological analysis in fistula-in-ano, in detecting specific aetiology. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted at the Professorial Surgical Unit, National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo from 2001-2016. Histopathology reports of all patients without a histological diagnosis and who underwent surgery for fistulae-in-ano were analysed. Results: A total of 215 patients [median age:40 years (range:14-73), males=179(82.8%)] were analysed. The majority (75%, n=161) were simple fistulae. Histological evaluation revealed inflamed granulation tissue in 94.9% (n=204) of patients. Five (2.3%) patients had conclusive evidence of Crohn’s disease and three (1.4%) had tuberculosis. One patient (0.5%) had evidence of adenocarcinoma with mucinous differentiation. Significant proportion of fistula with underlying specific aetiology were complex fistulae (82% vs. 22%, p<0.001) and associated with abscess/collections (45.5% vs. 11.8%, p<0.001). Age, type of fistula, level of internal opening, recurrence and presence of haemorrhoids were comparable in those with and without a specific aetiology. Conclusion: Complex fistula and presence of abscess/ collection were associated with a specific aetiology. Routine histopathological analysis in patients presenting with fistula in-ano should be performed as clinical prediction based on the nature of fistula may not be always accurate.
How to Cite: Jayarajah, U., Almeida, I.S. and Samarasekera, D.N., 2020. The yield of routine histopathology in fistula-in-ano. Sri Lanka Journal of Surgery, 38(2), pp.37–41. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljs.v38i2.8698
Published on 31 Aug 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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