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Reading: Impact of microscopic intermediate sub inguinal varicocelectomy on varicocele and infertility

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Impact of microscopic intermediate sub inguinal varicocelectomy on varicocele and infertility

Authors:

B. Balagobi ,

Teaching hospital, Jaffna, LK
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S. Gobishangar,

Teaching hospital, Jaffna, LK
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S. Vinojan,

Teaching hospital, Jaffna, LK
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J. C. Charles

Teaching hospital, Jaffna, LK
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Abstract

Varicocele is primarily tortuous dilation of the internal spermatic vein [ISV] and pampiniform plexus in the scrotum. It’s the most common correctable cause of infertility. It has a higher prevalence in primary and secondary infertility in men. In this article, we reviewed the advantages and disadvantages of microscopic intermediate sub inguinal [MISV] varicocelectomies over conventional surgical methods. Although various mechanisms are postulated for pathogenesis, increased venous reflux is accepted as the predominant cause. Varicocelectomy is done to ligate the veins and reduce venous reflux without affecting the arteries, vas deferens and lymphatics. Open, laparoscopic and microscopic varicocelectomies are the different surgical approaches of varicocele. Embolization is another treatment option. MISV is a relatively novel technique and considered superior to the conventional treatment approaches because of increased spontaneous pregnancy rates, reduced recurrence, increased seminal parameters and fewer postoperative complications, as evidenced by many studies. Microscopic visualization and usage of micro-doppler in surgery gives more safe and easy handling of the operative field. Absolute indications for varicocelectomy are documented infertility, clinically palpable varicocele abnormal seminal parameters and potentially treatable female infertility or normal fertility. Persistent pain, discrepancies in the testicular volume of more than 20% and hypogonadism are considered as relative indications for varicocelectomies. MISV should be regarded as the gold standard treatment method for varicocele.

How to Cite: Balagobi B, Gobishangar S, Vinojan S, Charles JC. Impact of microscopic intermediate sub inguinal varicocelectomy on varicocele and infertility. Sri Lanka Journal of Surgery. 2022;40(1):32–6. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljs.v40i1.8911
Published on 31 Mar 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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