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Reading: An overview of the management of renal malignancies in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

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An overview of the management of renal malignancies in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

Authors:

Umesh Jayarajah ,

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
About Umesh
Department of Urology
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Oshan Basnayake,

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
About Oshan
Department of Urology
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Vimalakanthan Thanusan,

Teaching Hospital, Jaffna, LK
About Vimalakanthan
Department of Urology
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Balasingam Balagobi,

University of Jaffna, Jaffna, LK
About Balasingam
Department of Surgery
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Madura Ambegoda,

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
About Madura
Department of Urology
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Anuruddha M. Abeygunasekera

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
About Anuruddha M.
Department of Urology
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Abstract

Von Hippel-Lindau [VHL] syndrome is a hereditary multisystem cancer syndrome characterized by a wide range of benign and malignant tumours. Renal neoplasms are the commonest solid organ malignancies associated with VHL seen in 25–45% of patients. Management of renal tumours is determined by multiple tumour related and patient-related factors and decision making is often difficult due to its multifocal nature and bilateral involvement. Its tendency for frequent recurrences further complicates the clinical picture. We review the existing literature on the management of renal malignancies in VHL syndrome focussing on observational strategies, minimally invasive approaches, nephron-sparing surgery and radical surgery. Furthermore, we provide the Sri Lanka perspective in the management of renal malignancies in VHL syndrome. Surgeons that manage such patients should be cognizant of extra-renal manifestations of VHL and the importance of a multidisciplinary team and referral pathways. Proper follow-up and selecting patients for suitable as well as minimal interventions such as minimally invasive techniques and nephron-sparing approaches is crucial in the management to provide acceptable cancer control while preserving renal functions. In Sri Lanka, establishing proper referral pathways to dedicated centres with a multidisciplinary team equipped with facilities to deal with renal as well as extra-renal manifestations would improve expertise, quality of care and reduce patient discomfort and default rate.
How to Cite: Jayarajah U, Basnayake O, Thanusan V, Balagobi B, Ambegoda M, Abeygunasekera AM. An overview of the management of renal malignancies in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. Sri Lanka Journal of Surgery. 2021;39(3):65–70. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljs.v39i3.8889
Published on 30 Nov 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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